Today, I’ll give you a full comparison of R and SPSS. Most statistics students have reservations about these two programming languages. This site, on the other hand, will assist you in clearing all of your doubts more successfully than ever before.


Let’s get started with a quick comparison of R and SPSS. Let’s have a look at the R language’s summary. R is a free and open source programming language based on the S programming language.


Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman created R at the University of Auckland. It’s one of the greatest programming languages for data visualization and analysis.


The best thing about R is that it has the best GUI editors of any programming language. RGui and R studio are two popular R language GUI editors.


SPSS stands for “statistical package for social science,” on the other hand. It was first released in 1968. It was eventually purchased by IBM in 2009.


After that, IBM SPSS is the official name. SPSS is the greatest data cleaning and analysis program. Data can be gathered from a variety of sources, including Google Analytics, CRM, and other database tools.


The nicest thing about SPSS is that it can open any structured data file format. A relational database, SAS, Stata, CSV, and spreadsheet are some of the most frequent types. Let’s get started with a detailed comparison of R vs. SPSS or SPSS vs. R.


Let’s look at the differences between R and SPSS in tabular form first.


The key differences between R and SPSS are listed below.




I’ve already given you a brief introduction to the R programming language. Let’s take a closer look into R programming. The University of Auckland released the initial version of R in the year 2000. R is a statistical modeling language that was released under the GNU license. R is a freely available programming language. It’s also the most popular statistics programming language among new businesses.


When it comes to the definition of SPSS, it was created at North Carolina State University. The main goal of improving SPSS was to make it easier for statisticians to examine vast amounts of agricultural data. SPSS stands for Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, as previously stated.


The need for this type of software was rapidly expanding in the 1980s. That is why the SPSS program was created. The year is 1976.


The first statistical programming language for the PC was SPSS. Package for statistical analysis. It took many years for it to be created and commercially available to users.


It was created at Stanford University in the year 1968. SPSS Inc. was created eight years later, and the official version of SPSS was released. IBM purchased the company in 2009.




R is a freely available programming language. Open source programming languages typically have a huge active community. As a result, R provides faster software upgrades and continues to develop new libraries to give users with enhanced capabilities.


IBM SPSS, on the other hand, is a proprietary programming language. It is an IBM commercial product. The free trial of SPSS is only available for one month. SPSS lacks the community of R and also does not provide timely upgrades.




R is written in C and Fortran, two ancient languages. However, R also has object-oriented programming capabilities.


SPSS, on the other side, is written in the Java programming language. The best-in-class GUI, created in Java, is provided by SPSS. For statistical analysis and interactivity, statisticians use R.


Decision Trees in Statistical Analysis


In statistical analysis decision trees, we put R to the test. R, on the other hand, does not have as many algorithms. Furthermore, most R packages only support Classification and Regression Tree. The worst issue about R packages is that they have a less user-friendly interface.


The SPSS interface, on the other hand, is more likely to be an excel spreadsheet. SPSS has a more intuitive GUI-based user interface. If you know how to use Excel. Then it will be simpler to use than R.




In comparison to SPSS, R is thought to be a less interactive analytical tool. However, it features a number of editors that provide GUI support for R programming. If you want to understand and practice analytics, R is a much better place to start.


The SPSS interface, on the other hand, is more likely to be an excel spreadsheet. The GUI-based user interface of SPSS is more user-friendly. If you know how to use Excel. Then it will be more user-friendly than R.




R includes a large number of packages for modifying and optimizing graphs. The most popular R packages are ggplot2 and R shine. The R programming language makes it simple to construct and graph graphs, allowing users to experiment with data.


However, unlike R, SPSS does not provide interactive graphs. You can only make basic and straightforward graphs or charts in SPSS.


Data Administration


R and SPSS are essentially identical in terms of data management. However, in the case of R, the majority of its functions load data into memory before running the program. It slows R down compared to other programming languages. Because the amount of data that can be handled is limited.


SPSS, on the other hand, offers speedier data management functions such as sorting, aggregating, transposition, and table merger.


Making Decisions


For making decisions, R is not the ideal programming language. The reason for this is that R has a limited number of algorithms. And the majority of its packages can only use CART (Classification and Regression Tree).


Worse yet, their user interface is less user-friendly. As a result, using R packages for decision-making might be daunting for users.


On the other hand, for decision trees, SPSS is one of the greatest statistical programming languages. The reason for this is that SPSS has one of the most user-friendly and comprehensible user interfaces available.


Users will find it simple to use and helpful in making rapid decisions.




R has the finest documentation since it has a vast community that can help you identify well-written documentation files. You can also use the most robust open source communities of R to solve any of your questions and difficulties.


However, because SPSS is a commercial application, it does not include extensive documentation. When you buy SPSS from IBM, however, you get some documentation in addition to the software.




R is a freely available programming language. It means that if you want to use R, you don’t have to pay anyone anything. You can also contribute to the R language’s development to make it better for you and other users.


Apart from that, other programmers continue to perform an excellent job of introducing new libraries and upgrades to R without charging anything. SPSS, on the other hand, is not a free program.


To utilize it, you must pay a monthly subscription fee. Before purchasing the licensed edition of SPSS, you can utilize the trial version.


Learning is simple.


It goes without saying that open source programming is simple to learn and use. In the case of R, it is also rather simple for a pupil to improve their mastery of the language.


There are numerous online resources for learning R. You can also use the R community to get all of your questions answered while learning R.


SPSS, on the other hand, is simple to learn because it has an interface similar to MS Excel spreadsheets. The only disadvantage is that it is not freely available to users. To learn SPSS more efficiently, you must acquire the licensed version.


Employed by Businesses


The companies listed below use r.


  1. Facebook


  1. Google


  1. Twitter


  1. Microsoft


  1. Uber


  1. Airbnb


  1. IBM


  1. ANZ


  1. HP


  1. Ford


Companies that use SPSS


  1. eBay


  1. KPMG


  1. Technology Solutions that are aware


  1. Capillary Innovations


  1. IBM


  1. Accenture


Solutions from Genpact and Symphony Marketing


  1. Infosys


  1. Wipro


  1. Capgemini


Conclusion SPSS vs. R


This log has explained what R and SPSS are, as well as the distinctions between them. Finally, I’d like to point out that both R and SPSS are fantastic analytics tools that also provide wonderful job opportunities. R is a freely available programming language. As a result, it is simple to understand and apply.


SPSS, on the other hand, is a paid product that must be purchased for long-term use. If you are a statistics student who is unfamiliar with data analytics, you should use SPSS.


The reason for this is that SPSS has the finest user interface for performing statistical analysis. However, if you want to perform more data visualization work, R is the way to go.


Because R includes a large number of data visualization packages. R is also the finest solution for exploratory data analysis (EDA). Finally, if you’re new to statistics, I recommend that you use SPSS.


If you have ample time to learn R, on the other hand, you should go with R. You should now be able to confidently choose between R and SPSS or SPSS and R.


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What are the benefits of using R?


Statistical modeling, data manipulation, and visualization are only a few of the capabilities available in R. The extensibility of this programming language is a significant benefit. Software developers can quickly produce software and distribute it to others as add-on packages.


The R Development Core Team faces numerous challenges in making R interoperable with multiple software and hardware platforms. It suggests that it is compatible with Unix (such as Linux), Windows, and Mac. This makes it user-friendly, and the programming language is simple to grasp thanks to the community library.