Economics is a big academic discipline, as everyone knows. In addition, economists are increasingly being hired as business consultants. They also serve as media analysts and advisors on key government topics. As a result, one must be aware when economists make an evidence-based remark. Also, when they are making decisions regarding which policies and laws to enact.

This blog explains the differences between Positive and Normative Economics to its viewers. There is also a detailed explanation of each of their notions. They are both important branches of the broad field of modern economics.

What is the difference between Positive and Normative Economics?


It is absolutely true that economics combines science and art. Furthermore, they are not restricted to either fact or fiction, but rather a mix of both. Know your concepts before diving into Positive vs. Normative Economics, as the blog title suggests.


Economists’ positive statements are descriptive and informational in character. To arrive at the required results, positive economics employs scientific concepts. It focuses on what currently exists — facts and verified evidence. Positive economics allows one to check which propositions are correct or incorrect.


However, several economists refer to normative assertions using prescriptive, value-based expressions. Evidence is frequently used as a pillar of support in such remarks. However, they are not entirely accurate. Instead, they include the views and values of those who make the assertion. Simply put, normative is the process of recommending a course of action. It also entails recommending a specific point of view on the subject at hand.




Positive vs. Normative Economics: What’s the Difference?


According to several popular observations, public policy debates include normative economic assertions. In such discussions, there is a higher level of disagreement. This is because neither party can convince the public that they are right.


A clear distinction between positive and normative economics can help policymakers make better decisions. This is only possible when policies are based on a balanced mix of facts (positive) and opinions (negative).


Let’s take a look at the dynamic battle between Positive and Normative Analysis.


The blog now moves on to the main point, which is their differentiation. It proves useful when it comes to the formation of policies of a country or for businesses. Both these sections of economics are valuable. For that, one must be able to know what facts are. And how one can make use of the judgments to make and execute policies. This will in turn, help citizens of the country and the society. The following demonstrates the great contrasts between – Positive versus Normative Analysis.




Positive economics is a sub discipline of economics. It has its focus on description, quantification. It also highlights the justification of various economic and other phenomena associated with it. Positive economics relies on factual analysis, relevant data, and relatable figures. Even so, its need is there because a positive economics points out the thing as it is. So then, delivery of a judgment based on that fact takes place. It talks about the cause and effect relationship or even occasionally behavioural links.


Positive economics is fact-oriented. It will be clear that the statements above are descriptive. They are quantifiable and always on target. Furthermore, these statements can be tested against physical or historical data. In the positive economics analytical part, there are no approval-disapproval scenarios.


An example of a favorable economic statement is as follows. “Healthcare provided by the government raises overall public spending.” This is a true statement. Furthermore, there is no value judgment involved. A person can either confirm or deny its rationality. It is also achievable by looking at healthcare costs in areas where governments offer healthcare.




Normative economics is concerned with subjective, prescriptive, and valued judgments. In simple terms, it refers to utterances that state “what should be.” These comments are intended to promote economic development and investment opportunities. Its main purpose is to summarize people’s growing interest in certain economic events and activities. It can be accomplished by posing or quoting the question of what should happen or be.


The field of normative economics is very subjective and value-driven. It is based on personal experiences and/or sentiments. Their participation in the decision-making process is clear today. The language of normative economics is frequently political or dictatorial. This is why this sector of economics is often known as “what should be” or “what ought to be.” It discusses the facts offered in positive economics and expresses thoughts on them.


An example of a normative economic statement is provided. “The government should ensure that all citizens have access to basic healthcare.” It is value-based, as the above statement indicates. The sentence is based on a personal viewpoint. It also fulfills the requirement of the question “what should be.”




Positive vs. Normative Economics Conclusion


In conclusion, positive economics provides an answer to the “what is” question. While normative economics asks, “What should the economy be?” or “What ought to be?” Positive statements are founded on facts. Furthermore, the statements of normative economics are based on opinions and values.


Both of these styles of economics have a wide range of applications. They can be used in a variety of situations, ranging from business to politics, sports to social change. Policies for implementing the same, and so on, are also covered.


FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)


What does positive economics imply and on what is it based?


Positive economics, according to economists, are claims about the world that are true. These assertions are supported by facts, evidence, and reality.


What is normative economics and why is it necessary?


Positive economics presents facts, and normative economics expresses opinions about them. It serves as the foundation for other people’s judgments, perspectives, and ideas.


Why are positive and normative economics concepts so crucial in today’s world?


In today’s fast-paced world, these two fields of economics are critical. Because it has the ability to influence the policy of many enterprises and regions. Not to mention any nation’s industrial sector, institution, or industry. It is a crucial idea for policymakers and planners.