A blank canvas can be scary to even the most seasoned writer. What’s the best way to move from a blank screen to a completed paper? Outlining and prewriting are the answers! Outlining and prewriting are critical processes before diving head-first into a writing assignment, whether you’re writing an essay, a research paper, a budget proposal, or a novel. These methods will assist you in better organizing your thoughts and writing.


There are many various types of prewriting, but they all aim to increase your creativity and get all of your ideas down on paper so you can organize, build on, and structure your final paper. The key to prewriting is to find the way that works best for you, so give them all a shot!




This strategy, often known as listing, entails simply writing down all of your ideas or anything else that comes to mind about the topic. Setting a time constraint for brainstorming, such as ten minutes, is a useful trick. Don’t think about anything else during this time, and don’t stress about the importance or usefulness of each idea; just jot them down as they occur to you.


If you’re stuck, ask yourself these questions: What about this issue fascinates me the most? What am I aware of that my audience may not be aware of? Is it necessary for me to understand more about it? What about this initiative appeals to me? What is the benefit to my target audience? You should have a lot of information at the end of the brainstorming session that you can filter through and analyze, and perhaps, you’ll discover fresh directions or viewpoints to incorporate into the project.


Mind mapping is a technique for organizing thoughts.


This strategy is useful for figuring out how information in a project fits together. To begin mind mapping, write your major idea or thought in the center of your paper or workstation, then add main ideas or thoughts around it and connect them as needed. There is a lot of internet tools that can help you with mind mapping. Braincat is a one-of-a-kind tool that combines brainstorming and mind mapping to help you through a productive thought process, complete with guiding questions and exportable outputs.




This method is similar to brainstorming, but instead of a list, it is written in entire phrases. Freewriting is also beneficial for practicing with a time limit, which is usually only a few minutes. Begin by summarizing your topic or detailing how this endeavor came to be, and then write whatever comes to mind. Don’t worry about grammar at this point, even though you should write in whole sentences. Write in a relaxed and informal tone, and simply tell a tale about what’s on your mind about this topic. What’s the point of writing it? What do you want to achieve? What is the demographic of your target market? What are you looking forward to?




This is a long-term prewriting procedure that is better suited to huge projects like novels or thesis papers. Journaling simply entails keeping a notebook or record only for your topic, in which you can jot down ideas and thoughts as they arise or throughout research.


posing inquiries:


This strategy is the most effective for generating new concepts or conclusions. Rather than listing ideas, make a list of questions you want to ask yourself about the project. Begin by asking yourself some questions regarding the topic. If you don’t know where to begin, this might also assist you come up with a topic or argument.




The goal of outlining is to create a basic structure for your paper so that you may start writing with a complete, well-organized argument. It should be a piece of cake if you have already done some prewriting before creating an outline.


  1. Make a claim: Regardless of the writing task, you should strive to present a claim, make an argument, or have a fundamental objective.


  1. Make a list of supporting or primary ideas: Make a list of the supporting or main topics you plan to explore in your article.


  1. Make a list of evidence to back up your claims: Make a note of the facts or explanation for each significant point beneath it.


  1. Evidence analysis: Explain how each piece of evidence supports your claim and why it is significant.


After you’ve jotted down all of your thoughts and established a basic structure, writing the first draft should be a breeze. You will be able to write faster and more successfully as you become more acclimated to this style of writing.