Chemical Bonding types

Before getting to list the various chemical bonding types, we will first seek to understand what chemical bonding is. So what is chemical bonding? This is the process through which associations are made between atoms, molecules, ions, and crystals, among other things in this world.


Chemical bonding definition chemistry

The chemical bonding process is a lasting process and leads to the formation of chemical compounds. The bond that is responsible for the bonding process may result from either an electrostatic force of attraction between two opposite charged ions or it may also happen due to the sharing of electrons between two atoms. The latter defines the process of covalent bonding/covalent bonds.


Questions for chemical bonding

When taking a chemistry class, you will be faced with many chemical bonding questions. Ensure that you are always ready to handle the questions that may come your way. Alternatively, you can seek assistance with all your chemical bonding questions from expert homework help and assignment help services. Click the chat application on the bottom of the screen to chat with us and get tutoring help in case you need some.


Example of chemical bonding

An example of chemical bonding includes sodium chloride

An example is sodium chloride, which is made up of a cation (Na+) and an anion (Cl–). The two ions of sodium chloride are held together by an ionic bond.

In comparison, as an example of a covalent bond:

A covalent bond is a type of chemical bond wherein electrons are shared between atoms. The bond between hydrogen and oxygen atoms to form water is an example of a covalent bond.


What are the three types of chemical bonding?

There are three main and common types of chemical bonding. These three include:


Metallic bonding

A metallic bond is formed when the valence electrons are not associated with a particular atom or ion but exist as a “cloud” of electrons around the ion centers


Example of metallic bonding

In the real and imperfect world, most materials do not have pure metallic,  pure covalent, or pure ionic bonding; they may have other types of bonding as well. For example, iron has predominantly metallic bonding, but some covalent bonding also occurs.


Ionic Bonding

An ionic bond is formed when valence electrons are transferred from one atom to the other to complete the outer electron shell.


Example of Ionic Bonding

A typical ionically bonded material is NaCl (Salt): The sodium (Na) atom gives up its valence electron to complete the outer shell of the chlorine (Cl) atom. Ionic materials are generally very brittle, and strong forces exist between the two ions.


Covalent Bonding

A covalent bond is formed when the valence electrons from one atom are shared between two or more particular atoms.


Example of Covalent Bonding

Many compounds have covalent bonding, such as polymers. Nylon rope is an example of a material that is made up of polymers. Polymer structures typically are long chains of covalently bonded carbon and hydrogen atoms in various arrangements.


These three types of chemical bonding form the three main types of chemical bonding.


Chemistry Homework and Assignment help in chemical bonding Quizzes, tests, and Exams

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